BDAR
gdpr

Childcare benefit

One of the parents (adoptive parents) or a foster parent, or one of the child grandparent covered with the maternity social insurance is entitled to the childcare benefit if:

  • he is covered with maternity social insurance;
  • he has been granted a childcare leave according to the procedure established by law;
  • before the first day of the childcare leave he has the maternity social insurance record of not less than 12 months during the last 24 months.

The maternity social insurance record includes the periods during which state social insurance contributions for maternity social insurance are paid or had to be paid as required by law, as well as the periods during which the insured person received sickness benefit (including the benefits payable by the employer during the first two days of sickness), vocational rehabilitation, maternity, paternity and childcare benefits, sickness due to accidents at work or occupational disease benefits, unemployment social benefits and partial work benefits.

In case an individual does not have the required maternity social insurance record as she/he has been on a childcare leave, the maternity social insurance record shall be calculated throughout the preceding 24 month period until the child attained the age of 2.

When an insured person who receives a childcare benefit, becomes entitled to a maternity or childcare benefit because of the birth of another child, she/he shall be paid both the benefits, however the sum total of the benefits may not exceed 77,58 per cent of the compensatory wage of the beneficiary.

When one of the parents (adoptive parents) or guardians, oro ne of the child grandparent who is released from work and receives a childcare benefit, is dismissed from work or the duration of such person's employment contract has expired, he or she shall be paid a childcare benefit according to the same procedure as used for the employed women on the childcare leave.

When one of the parents (adoptive parents) or guardians, oro ne of the child grandparents, who has a maternity social insurance record, has been dismissed from work or when the duration of such person's employment contract expired and for that reason the person has not been granted childcare leave, he or she shall be paid a childcare benefit according to the same procedure as used for the employed women on the childcare leave.

Duration of childcare benefit payment

A childcare benefit shall be paid for the period of a childcare leave from the end of pregnancy and childbirth leave until the child is one or two years old, or during the period of childcare leave granted in accordance with Article 134 of the Labour Code.

If the mother did not receive maternity benefit for the period of a pregnancy and childbirth leave, a childcare benefit shall be granted to other persons entitled to it from the day that the child is born or the first day after the end of paternity leave.

If the mother who received a maternity benefit during the pregnancy and childbirth leave dies, a childcare benefit shall be granted to other persons entitled to it from the day of the mother’s death.

During the paternity leave the father, in receipt of a paternity benefit, shall not be paid childcare benefit.

The amount of a childcare benefit

The amount of childcare benefit depends on chosen receipt duration  of the benefit: if the insured person chooses to receive the benefit until the child turns 1 year old, the amount of the benefit is 77,58 per cent  of the beneficiary’s compensatory wage; if the person chooses to receive the benefit until the child turns 2  years old – the benefit until the child turns 1 year old is 54,31 per cent and 31,03 per cent of the beneficiary’s compensatory wage until the child turns 2 years old.

Monthly childcare benefits cannot be less than the size of 6 Basic Social Benefits.

When two or more children are born to the insured person and the person is on the childcare leave, the childcare benefits shall be increased taking into account the number of children born simultaneously, however the sum total of the paid benefits may not exceed 77,58 per cent of the beneficiary’s compensatory wage.

If the insured person who is on a childcare leave is employed in another place of employment and he is granted childcare leave in this place of employment, the childcare benefit shall not be granted anew.

If the insured person who has been or is on childcare leave in the first year of the child's growing years has income and the amount these income is less than the childcare benefit, the said person shall be paid the difference between this benefit and the income received by the person in the appropriate month. If the amount of these income is higher than the childcare benefit or equal to this benefit, childcare benefit is not payable. When paying the childcare benefit the income shall not include the income received for the work carried out before the first day of the childcare leave. Income is not evaluated and childcare benefit is not decreased if the insured person gets the benefit during the second year of child care (until the child turns two years old).

The compensatory wage on the basis whereof the amount of childcare benefits are determined shall be calculated on the basis of the insured person’s insured income during twelve consecutive calendar months before the calendar month preceding the month in which a childcare leave began. For example, for individuals who qualify for the childcare benefit on 01.05.2020, the compensatory wage shall be calculated on the basis of insured income received during the period from 01.04.2019 to 31.03.2020.

Insured income of the insured person includes all income and other amounts of a person on which state social insurance contributions for maternity social insurance were paid or had to be paid as well as sickness benefits (including the first 2 days of sickness for which the employer pays), vocational rehabilitation, maternity, paternity, childcare benefits, sickness due to accidents at work or occupational disease benefits, and also unemployment social insurance benefits and partial work benefits.

The maximum compensatory wage for calculation of childcare benefits cannot exceed the size of two national average monthly wages for the quarter two quarters preceding the day on which the right to receive childcare benefits arose.

The childcare leave is calculated based on the average number of working days per month and is payable for previous month.

Last updated: 01-07-2021